What is the most popular food in Italy? A Comprehensive Guide to Italian Cuisine

Italy is renowned for its rich and diverse cuisine, which is celebrated for its flavorful dishes and simple yet sophisticated preparations. But what is the most popular food in Italy? The answer to this question may surprise you, as it is not always a well-known dish that holds the title. In this comprehensive guide to Italian cuisine, we will explore the most beloved and iconic dishes of Italy, and discover what makes them so beloved by the Italian people. From pasta to pizza, gelato to seafood, we will uncover the secrets behind these culinary masterpieces and learn what makes them the ultimate expression of Italian cuisine.

Quick Answer:
Italian cuisine is renowned for its rich flavors, fresh ingredients, and variety of dishes. Pasta is undoubtedly one of the most popular foods in Italy, with regional variations such as spaghetti, penne, and rigatoni. Other popular dishes include pizza, risotto, and gelato. Italy is also famous for its cured meats, such as prosciutto and parma ham, and its variety of cheeses, including mozzarella and gorgonzola. Seafood is also a popular choice, with fresh catches of the day often featuring on menus. Whether you’re looking for a hearty meal or a light snack, Italy has something to offer for every taste and budget.

The History of Italian Cuisine

The Evolution of Italian Cooking

Italian cuisine has a rich and diverse history that has evolved over thousands of years. From the ancient Roman civilization to the present day, Italian cooking has been influenced by a variety of cultures and ingredients.

The Origins of Italian Cooking

Italian cuisine has its roots in the agricultural society of ancient Rome. The Romans were known for their lavish banquets and elaborate dining experiences. They were also the first to establish a culinary tradition that emphasized the use of fresh, seasonal ingredients.

The Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Italian cuisine continued to evolve. The use of spices and herbs became more widespread, and dishes began to reflect the regional differences in Italy. For example, in the north, dishes were hearty and filled with meat and cheese, while in the south, dishes were lighter and more focused on vegetables and seafood.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance period saw a renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman cooking. This led to the development of new dishes and cooking techniques, such as the use of sugar and cream in desserts.

The 19th and 20th Centuries

In the 19th and 20th centuries, Italian cuisine continued to evolve and diversify. Regional specialties became more defined, and new ingredients and cooking techniques were introduced. For example, the use of tomatoes became more widespread in the north, and pasta became a staple of Italian cuisine.

Today, Italian cuisine is known for its simplicity, freshness, and regional diversity. From the famous pizza and pasta to lesser-known dishes like cacciatore and risotto, Italian cuisine offers something for everyone.

Regional Influences on Italian Cuisine

The history of Italian cuisine is a rich and diverse tapestry, woven together by the threads of regional influences that have shaped it over the centuries. From the simple yet hearty dishes of the north to the intricate and refined flavors of the south, each region of Italy has contributed to the development of the country’s culinary traditions.

In the north, the cuisine is heavily influenced by the Alpine and Germanic traditions, with dishes such as polenta, risotto, and osso buco being popular in the Lombardy and Piedmont regions. These dishes often feature rice, corn, and potatoes, which were introduced to the region by the Spanish and Germans during the Middle Ages.

In contrast, the central regions of Italy, such as Tuscany and Umbria, are known for their simple yet flavorful dishes that emphasize fresh, seasonal ingredients. Dishes such as pasta with ragù (a meat-based sauce), ribollita (a soup-like dish made with bread and vegetables), and schiacciata (a type of flatbread) are popular in this area.

In the south, the cuisine is heavily influenced by the Mediterranean and Arabic traditions, with dishes such as pizza, pasta, and gelato being popular in the Campania, Puglia, and Sicily regions. These dishes often feature seafood, tomatoes, olives, and citrus fruits, which were introduced to the region by the Greeks and Arabs during the Middle Ages.

Overall, the regional influences on Italian cuisine have contributed to its rich and diverse culinary traditions, making it one of the most popular and beloved cuisines in the world.

Italian Bread and Antipasti

Key takeaway: Italian cuisine is one of the most popular and beloved cuisines in the world, known for its simplicity, freshness, and regional diversity. From famous dishes like pizza and pasta to lesser-known dishes like cacciatore and risotto, Italian cuisine offers something for everyone. The history of Italian cooking has evolved over thousands of years, with each region of Italy contributing to the development of the country’s culinary traditions. Italian bread and antipasti are also crucial elements of Italian cuisine, with a variety of types of bread and popular antipasti dishes like mozzarella di bufala, prosciutto di Parma, and arancini. The emphasis on fresh, high-quality ingredients is evident in the antipasti course, which is a selection of cold dishes served before the main course and is a crucial part of the Italian dining experience.

Types of Italian Bread

When it comes to Italian cuisine, one of the most important elements is the bread. In Italy, bread is not just a staple food, but it is also considered an art form. There are many different types of Italian bread, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. Here are some of the most popular types of Italian bread:

  1. Pane Toscano: This is a type of bread that is popular in Tuscany, and it is known for its rustic texture and nutty flavor. It is made with a combination of wheat and barley flour, and it is often served with soup or stew.
  2. Focaccia: Focaccia is a flatbread that is popular throughout Italy, but it is particularly associated with the city of Genoa. It is made with olive oil, salt, and yeast, and it is often topped with herbs or cheese.
  3. Pane Casareccio: This is a type of bread that is popular in Sicily, and it is known for its chewy texture and nutty flavor. It is made with a combination of wheat and barley flour, and it is often served with soup or stew.
  4. Ciabatta: Ciabatta is a type of bread that is popular throughout Italy, and it is known for its crispy crust and soft interior. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served with salads or soups.
  5. Panino: Panino is a type of bread that is popular throughout Italy, and it is known for its soft texture and crispy crust. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served with a variety of toppings, such as cheese, ham, or salami.
  6. Pane Rustico: This is a type of bread that is popular in Sardinia, and it is known for its crispy crust and soft interior. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served with a variety of toppings, such as cheese, ham, or salami.
  7. Pane al Piatto: This is a type of bread that is popular in central Italy, and it is known for its rustic texture and nutty flavor. It is made with a combination of wheat and barley flour, and it is often served with soup or stew.
  8. Panettone: Panettone is a type of bread that is popular during the Christmas season in Italy, and it is known for its sweet flavor and fruit filling. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served as a dessert.
  9. Pandoro: Pandoro is a type of bread that is popular during the Christmas season in Italy, and it is known for its sweet flavor and raisin filling. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served as a dessert.
  10. Sbrisolona: Sbrisolona is a type of bread that is popular in Lombardy, and it is known for its crispy texture and sweet flavor. It is made with a combination of wheat and yeast, and it is often served as a dessert.
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Popular Antipasti Dishes

Italian cuisine is renowned for its emphasis on fresh, high-quality ingredients, and nowhere is this more evident than in the antipasti course. Antipasti, which translates to “before the meal,” is a selection of cold dishes served before the main course. It is a crucial part of the Italian dining experience, and there are countless dishes that can be considered “popular” in different regions of Italy.

Some of the most popular antipasti dishes in Italy include:

  • Mozzarella di Bufala: This creamy, melt-in-your-mouth cheese is made from the milk of water buffalo raised in the Campania region of Italy. It is often served with fresh tomatoes and basil, or it can be wrapped in pizza.
  • Caprese Salad: This simple yet elegant dish consists of fresh mozzarella cheese, ripe tomatoes, and fragrant basil leaves, drizzled with extra virgin olive oil and a sprinkle of sea salt.
  • Prosciutto di Parma: This cured ham is one of the most famous Italian food products worldwide. It is made from the hind leg of a pig and has a delicate, slightly sweet flavor.
  • Arancini: These fried rice balls are stuffed with a variety of fillings, such as meat sauce, mozzarella cheese, and peas. They are often served with a side of marinara sauce for dipping.
  • Bruschetta: This dish consists of grilled bread topped with a variety of ingredients, such as tomatoes, garlic, and basil. It is a simple yet delicious way to start a meal.
  • Peperoncino: These spicy peppers are a common ingredient in many Italian dishes, including antipasti. They are often served alongside other dishes to add a bit of heat to the meal.
  • Mortadella: This large-grained, pork meat is similar to prosciutto, but it has a richer, more complex flavor. It is often sliced thin and served with bread and cheese.
  • Garbage Salad: This is a traditional antipasti dish from Naples, made with the scraps of vegetables that are left over from the day. These vegetables are sautéed with garlic, oil, and sometimes tomatoes, and served at room temperature.

In conclusion, Italian antipasti is a feast for the senses, with a wide variety of flavors, textures, and colors. It is a testament to the Italian’s love of food and their dedication to using only the freshest, highest-quality ingredients. Whether you are dining in a trattoria or at a friend’s house, antipasti is a crucial part of the Italian dining experience that should not be missed.

Pasta

Types of Pasta

Italian cuisine is famous for its delicious pasta dishes, which are enjoyed all over the world. But did you know that there are over 350 different types of pasta in Italy? From traditional spaghetti to lesser-known shapes like pappardelle, each type of pasta has its own unique characteristics and is best suited to specific sauces and preparations. In this section, we will explore the most popular types of pasta in Italy and their distinct features.

  • Spaghetti: This long, thin noodle is perhaps the most well-known type of pasta in Italy. Spaghetti is traditionally served with a variety of sauces, including tomato-based marinara, carbonara, and amatriciana. It is also a popular ingredient in seafood-based dishes like spaghetti alle vongole.
  • Penne: These short, tube-shaped noodles are a versatile pasta that can be served with a variety of sauces, including creamy alfredo, tomato-based marinara, and pesto. Penne is also a popular ingredient in pasta salads and baked dishes.
  • Fettuccine: This wide, flat noodle is often compared to linguine, but is slightly thicker and more rectangular in shape. Fettuccine is traditionally served with creamy sauces like Alfredo or with hearty meat sauces like Bolognese.
  • Lasagna: This popular pasta dish consists of layers of wide, flat noodles, ground meat, cheese, and tomato sauce. Lasagna is often baked in the oven and is a staple of Italian-American cuisine.
  • Ravioli: These stuffed pasta pockets are often filled with cheese, meat, or vegetables and are served in broth or with a variety of sauces. Ravioli is a traditional dish in Lombardy and is often served with butter and sage.
  • Tortellini: These small, stuffed pasta pockets are traditionally served in broth, but can also be served with sauces like creamy alfredo or pesto. Tortellini is a popular ingredient in salads and is often used in pasta salads.
  • Gnocchi: These small, dumpling-like pasta is made from potatoes or flour and are often served with sauces like tomato-based marinara or creamy alfredo. Gnocchi is a popular ingredient in casseroles and is often used in hearty stews.
  • Pappardelle: These wide, flat noodles are similar to fettuccine, but are larger and more rustic in texture. Pappardelle is traditionally served with hearty meat sauces like wild boar ragout or with creamy sauces like alfredo.
  • Cannelloni: These large, tube-shaped pasta are often stuffed with cheese, meat, or vegetables and are baked in the oven. Cannelloni is a popular dish in Sicily and is often served with tomato-based sauces.
  • Maccheroni: This thick, square-shaped pasta is traditionally served with tomato-based sauces like marinara or rag

Famous Pasta Dishes

Pasta is undoubtedly the most iconic Italian dish, and there are countless variations to choose from. Here are some of the most famous pasta dishes that you simply must try on your next trip to Italy:

  • Spaghetti Carbonara: This classic Roman dish consists of spaghetti pasta tossed with eggs, cheese, and bacon or pancetta. The delicate balance of flavors makes it a perfect example of how simplicity can result in perfection.
  • Fettuccine Alfredo: Named after the inventor of the dish, Fettuccine Alfredo is a creamy pasta dish made with fettuccine pasta, butter, and Parmesan cheese. It’s rich and indulgent, and perfect for a special occasion.
  • Lasagna: Lasagna is a layered pasta dish made with wide flat pasta sheets, meat sauce, and a rich béchamel sauce. It’s a hearty and satisfying meal that’s perfect for a cold winter night.
  • Risotto: Risotto is a creamy Italian rice dish that’s made with arborio rice, broth, and a variety of ingredients like onions, garlic, and parmesan cheese. It’s a versatile dish that can be made with a variety of ingredients, making it a perfect option for any meal.
  • Penne alla Vodka: This pasta dish is a perfect example of how the simplest ingredients can come together to create something truly delicious. Penne pasta is tossed with a creamy vodka sauce and topped with grated Parmesan cheese. It’s simple, yet so satisfying.
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These are just a few examples of the many famous pasta dishes that Italy has to offer. Whether you’re a fan of traditional dishes like spaghetti carbonara or want to try something a little more adventurous like penne alla vodka, there’s a pasta dish for everyone in Italy.

Risotto

What is Risotto?

Risotto is a popular Italian dish that originated in the northern region of Lombardy. It is a creamy, comforting rice dish made with Arborio rice, broth, butter, onions, and parmesan cheese. The dish is characterized by its soft and creamy texture, which is achieved by continually stirring the rice as it cooks, allowing it to absorb the liquid and create a creamy consistency. Risotto is often served as a starter or as a main course, and it can be paired with a variety of ingredients, such as saffron, mushrooms, or seafood, to create different flavor variations. It is a simple yet elegant dish that showcases the simplicity and elegance of Italian cuisine.

Famous Risotto Recipes

When it comes to Italian cuisine, risotto is one of the most beloved dishes. It is a creamy rice dish made with arborio rice, broth, and a variety of ingredients such as onions, garlic, and wine. The following are some of the most famous risotto recipes that you should try:

Arborio Risotto

This is the most classic and traditional risotto recipe. It is made with arborio rice, broth, butter, onion, garlic, and Parmesan cheese. The dish is cooked slowly, allowing the rice to absorb the liquid and become creamy. This recipe is perfect for beginners as it is easy to make and requires minimal supervision.

Risotto alla Milanese

This risotto recipe is a variation of the classic arborio risotto. It is made with saffron-infused broth, which gives the dish a golden color and a unique flavor. The dish is also flavored with butter, onion, garlic, and Parmesan cheese. The addition of saffron gives this risotto a distinct aroma and taste.

Risotto con Zucchini e Salvia

This risotto recipe is a creative and flavorful twist on the classic dish. It is made with zucchini, sage, and Parmesan cheese. The zucchini is added to the rice early in the cooking process and is allowed to cook until it becomes tender. The sage is added at the end of the cooking process and gives the dish a fresh and aromatic flavor.

Risotto alla Romagnola

This risotto recipe is a variation of the classic arborio risotto. It is made with chicken broth, white wine, onion, garlic, and Parmesan cheese. The dish is also flavored with bacon or pancetta, which adds a smoky and savory flavor to the dish. This recipe is perfect for those who love a more hearty and flavorful risotto.

Overall, these are just a few examples of the many delicious risotto recipes that exist in Italian cuisine. Whether you are a fan of classic arborio risotto or want to try something more adventurous, there is a risotto recipe out there for everyone.

Pizza

History of Pizza

Pizza is a beloved food all around the world, but it has a particularly special place in the hearts of Italians. The history of pizza can be traced back to ancient times, when the Greeks and Romans enjoyed flatbreads with toppings. However, the modern pizza as we know it today originated in Naples, Italy in the 16th century.

In the 16th century, the Spanish and French were ruling Naples, and they brought with them the tradition of eating bread with toppings. The Neapolitan flatbread, which was previously topped with cheese and anchovies, began to evolve into the pizza we know today.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, pizza continued to evolve in Naples. It became a popular street food among the working-class population, with toppings such as mozzarella, tomatoes, and basil. In the early 20th century, the first pizzeria, called “Pizzeria Brandi,” was opened in Naples, and pizza quickly became a national phenomenon in Italy.

Today, pizza is one of the most popular foods in Italy, with countless variations and toppings. From the classic margherita to more experimental flavors, pizza remains a beloved staple of Italian cuisine.

Toppings and Variations

When it comes to pizza toppings and variations, Italy has a wide range of options that cater to different tastes and preferences. Here are some of the most popular toppings and variations of pizza in Italy:

  • Margherita: This classic pizza is topped with San Marzano tomatoes, fresh mozzarella cheese, and basil leaves. It is named after Queen Margherita of Savoy, who was said to have enjoyed this type of pizza during her visit to Naples in the late 19th century.
  • Pepperoni: This pizza is topped with spicy salami, mozzarella cheese, and hot peppers. It is a popular variation in the southern region of Italy, particularly in the city of Naples.
  • Hawaiian: This pizza is topped with ham, pineapple, and mozzarella cheese. It is a popular variation in Italy and other parts of the world.
  • Calzone: This pizza is folded and baked in the oven, and is often filled with ingredients such as tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and various meats and vegetables. It is a popular street food in Italy and is often served as a snack or appetizer.
  • Vegetarian: This pizza is topped with various vegetables such as mushrooms, onions, and bell peppers. It is a popular option for those who prefer a vegetarian option.
  • Quattro Stagioni: This pizza is topped with different types of meat and vegetables, including ham, salami, artichokes, and olives. It is a popular variation in Italy and is known for its unique combination of flavors and textures.

Overall, pizza toppings and variations in Italy are as diverse as the country’s regions and cultures. Whether you prefer classic Margherita or more unique variations like Quattro Stagioni, there is a pizza option for everyone in Italy.

Gelato

What is Gelato?

Gelato is a frozen dessert that originated in Italy, known for its creamy texture and rich flavor. Unlike ice cream, gelato has a lower fat content and is made with a higher proportion of milk and natural ingredients, resulting in a denser and smoother consistency. The word “gelato” comes from the Italian word “gelare,” which means “to freeze.”

One of the key differences between gelato and ice cream is the use of egg yolks in the recipe. Egg yolks are added to the base mixture to create a custard-like consistency, which gives gelato its distinctive creaminess. Gelato also typically contains less air than ice cream, resulting in a denser and more intense flavor.

Another characteristic of gelato is the use of natural flavorings, such as fresh fruit, nuts, and chocolate. These ingredients are added in small quantities to enhance the flavor of the gelato, rather than overpowering it. This approach to flavoring is in contrast to the American-style ice cream, which often uses artificial flavorings and colors.

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Gelato is typically served in small portions, as it is meant to be a special treat rather than a main meal. It is often enjoyed as a dessert after a meal, or as a snack on a warm day.

Overall, gelato is a beloved Italian dessert that is known for its rich flavor, creamy texture, and use of natural ingredients. Whether enjoyed in a traditional Italian gelateria or made at home, gelato is a delicious and satisfying way to indulge in the flavors of Italy.

Popular Gelato Flavors

When it comes to gelato, there are countless flavors to choose from, each one more delicious than the last. From classic flavors like chocolate and vanilla to more unconventional options like hazelnut and tiramisu, gelato shops in Italy offer a wide variety of options to satisfy any sweet tooth. Here are some of the most popular gelato flavors in Italy:

Chocolate

Chocolate gelato is one of the most popular flavors in Italy, and for good reason. It’s rich, creamy, and decadent, with a deep chocolate flavor that’s impossible to resist. Whether you prefer a classic dark chocolate or a milder white chocolate, you’ll find plenty of options to choose from.

Vanilla

Vanilla gelato is another classic flavor that’s popular in Italy. It’s made with real vanilla beans, which gives it a rich, sweet flavor that’s hard to beat. Many gelato shops also offer variations on vanilla, such as vanilla with chocolate chips or vanilla with almonds.

Strawberry

Strawberry gelato is a refreshing and fruity option that’s perfect for warmer weather. It’s made with fresh strawberries, which gives it a bright red color and a sweet, tangy flavor. Some gelato shops also offer variations on strawberry, such as strawberry with basil or strawberry with balsamic vinegar.

Pistachio

Pistachio gelato is a popular flavor in Italy, especially in the southern region of Sicily. It’s made with real pistachios, which gives it a vibrant green color and a nutty flavor. Pistachio gelato is often served with a dusting of powdered sugar on top, which adds a nice contrast in texture.

Tiramisu

Tiramisu gelato is a creamy and indulgent option that’s perfect for dessert. It’s made with mascarpone cheese, espresso, and cocoa powder, which gives it a rich and creamy flavor. Some gelato shops also offer variations on tiramisu, such as tiramisu with amaretto or tiramisu with chocolate chips.

Overall, there are countless flavors of gelato to choose from in Italy, each one more delicious than the last. Whether you prefer classic flavors like chocolate and vanilla or more unconventional options like hazelnut and tiramisu, you’ll find plenty of options to satisfy your sweet tooth.

The Importance of Food in Italian Culture

Italian cuisine is renowned for its emphasis on fresh, high-quality ingredients, regional flavors, and a deep appreciation for the cultural significance of food. Italian food is not just about flavor and nutrition; it is also an integral part of Italian culture and identity. Food is deeply intertwined with social and family traditions, holidays, and celebrations.

Italian cuisine is also influenced by the country’s diverse geography, which ranges from the Alps to the Mediterranean coast, and includes different regions with distinct culinary traditions. This regional diversity is reflected in the variety of dishes, ingredients, and cooking techniques found throughout Italy.

In addition, the Italian culture places a strong emphasis on the art of cooking and dining. Italian cuisine is characterized by a focus on simplicity, quality, and authenticity. It values the use of fresh, seasonal ingredients, traditional cooking methods, and the importance of taking the time to enjoy a meal.

Furthermore, the Italian culture places a great importance on the role of food in socializing and building relationships. Sharing a meal with friends and family is a central part of Italian culture, and meals are often accompanied by lively conversation, laughter, and camaraderie.

Overall, the importance of food in Italian culture cannot be overstated. It is not just a means of sustenance, but a fundamental aspect of Italian life and identity.

Final Thoughts on Italian Cuisine

  • Italian cuisine is renowned for its rich flavors, regional diversity, and simple yet delicious dishes.
    • Each region of Italy has its own unique culinary traditions, which are deeply rooted in local history and culture.
    • The emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients and traditional cooking techniques contributes to the widespread appeal of Italian cuisine.
    • In addition to gelato, other popular Italian desserts include tiramisu, panna cotta, and cannoli.
    • Overall, Italian cuisine offers a wide range of flavors and experiences for food lovers to discover and enjoy.

FAQs

1. What is the most popular food in Italy?

Italy is famous for its delicious and diverse cuisine, which offers a wide range of flavors and dishes. However, if we had to choose one dish as the most popular, it would probably be pizza. Pizza is a staple of Italian cuisine and is enjoyed by people of all ages throughout the country. From classic margherita to more adventurous toppings, pizza is a versatile and satisfying meal that can be found in every region of Italy.

2. What are some other popular Italian dishes?

In addition to pizza, there are many other popular Italian dishes that are worth trying. Some of the most famous include pasta, lasagna, and spaghetti carbonara. Pasta is a staple of Italian cuisine and comes in many different shapes and sauces. Lasagna is a hearty and comforting dish made with layers of pasta, meat, and cheese. Spaghetti carbonara is a classic Italian pasta dish made with spaghetti, eggs, cheese, and bacon.

3. What are some regional specialties in Italy?

Italy is a large and diverse country, and each region has its own unique culinary traditions. Some of the most famous regional specialties include pizza from Naples, risotto from Lombardy, and bistecca alla Fiorentina from Tuscany. Pizza from Naples is famous for its thin crust and simple toppings, risotto from Lombardy is a creamy and flavorful rice dish, and bistecca alla Fiorentina is a Tuscan steak that is seasoned with salt and cooked on a wood-fired grill.

4. What are some traditional Italian desserts?

Italy is also famous for its delicious desserts, which are often made with fresh fruit, nuts, and sweet pastries. Some of the most popular Italian desserts include tiramisu, panna cotta, and cannoli. Tiramisu is a layered dessert made with ladyfingers, mascarpone cheese, and espresso, panna cotta is a creamy and sweet dessert made with cream, sugar, and gelatin, and cannoli are crispy shells filled with sweet ricotta cheese.

5. What is the most important thing to know about Italian cuisine?

The most important thing to know about Italian cuisine is that it is all about fresh, high-quality ingredients. Italian cooking is simple and focused on letting the flavors of the ingredients shine. This means using fresh, seasonal produce, meats and cheeses, and traditional techniques like slow cooking and grilling to bring out the natural flavors of the food. Italian cuisine is also very regional, with each area having its own unique culinary traditions and dishes.

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